Abstract reasoning: Abstract reasoning test assesses the candidate's ability to identify and interpret patterns. They need to identify the rules and patterns in sets of objects in order to find a missing object. Abstract reasoning tests have been found to have a high correlation with general intelligence and the ability to reason logically.
Inductive reasoning: Inductive reasoning is a type of logical thinking that involves forming generalizations based on observations you've made or facts you know to be true/ false. In other words, you're making an educated or informed guess based on the information or data that you have. Inductive reasoning tests are designed to examine a candidate’s ability to see patterns and consistencies in data and to work flexibly with unfamiliar information.
Deductive reasoning: Deductive reasoning is the process of reasoning from one or more statements (premises) to reach a logically certain conclusion. Deductive reasoning aptitude tests are designed to measure a candidate's ability to draw logical conclusions based on statements or arguments, and to identify the strengths and weaknesses of those arguments.
Critical reasoning: Critical reasoning test explores a candidate's ability to reason through an argument logically and make an objective decision. Can the candidate assess a situation, recognise assumptions being made, create hypotheses and evaluate arguments?